Timber Frame Wood Species

Local Timber Species

Eastern White Pine

  • Great for Indoor Applications

  • Finishes: Smooth four sides or  circle or band saw. 

  • Color: white to pale yellow with a reddish tinge. It darkens with age and air exposure, eventually turning to a deep orange color.

  • Grain: The wood is light, soft, straight grained and with very uniform texture.

  • Characteristics: It works very well and is easily shaped with hand and power tools. This wood accepts many types of glue well, making for tight bonding.

White Oak

  • Great for Indoor and Outdoor Applications.

  • Finishes: Smooth four sides.

  • Color: Ranges from nearly white sapwood to a darker gray brown heartwood.

  • Grain: The grain is distinguished by rays, which reflect light and add to its attractiveness.

  • Characteristics: Heavy, very strong and very hard, stiff, durable under exposure, great wear-resistance, holds nails and screws well.

Western Timber Species

Douglas Fir

  • Great for Indoor Applications.

  • Can be used for Outdoor Applications when treated.

  • Finishes: Smooth four side or bandsaw.

  • Color: Usually a light brown color with a hint of red and/or yellow, with darker growth rings.

  • Grain: Generally straight, though wavy or curly grain is occasionally seen. Medium to coarse texture, with a decent natural luster.

  • Characteristics: Typically machines well. Accepts stains, glues, and finishes well.

Westen Red Cedar

  • Great for Indoor or Outdoor Applications.

  • Finishes: Smooth four sides or bandsaw.

  • Color: Reddish to pinkish brown, often with random streaks and bands of darker red/brown areas.

  • Grain: Straight grain and a medium to coarse texture.

  • Characteristics: Used for shingles, exterior siding and lumber, boatbuilding, boxes, crates, and musical instruments.

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